Is The Teacup Bulldog A Recognized Breed?
There is no shortage of teacup bulldog advertisements on line, but the advertisements can sometime be confusing, if not misleading. First of all, a teacup bulldog is not a breed, and really not a special type of bulldog. It is simply a term used to identify a breed of bulldog that's much smaller than the English bulldog we're more familiar with.
Another term for a teacup bulldog is a mini-bulldog, and even this can be misleading. There is no breed of bulldog anywhere near the size of a teacup, or even a Chihuahua for that matter. The bulldog under discussion, which is a breed recognized by the American Kennel Club, is the French bulldog.
Origins in England, Popularized In France
The French bulldog is a smaller, if not truly a mini or teacup version, of the standard English bulldog. While some breeders in England were attempting to breed bigger, more athletic bulldogs, another group of breeders was working in the opposite direction. The smaller breed of bulldog eventually made its way to France where it became especially popular. This popularity soon spread to America, but eventually began to die out, and American bred "Frenchies" nearly became extinct by 1980. The popularity of the French Bulldog has since rebounded, and today there are well over 5,000 of the breed registered with the American Kennel Club.
Like its English counterpart, the French bulldog (teacup bulldog or mini-bulldog if you wish) is a compact, heavy boned, muscular dog. It has a smooth coat and typically weighs between 20 and 25 pounds when fully grown. The standard for this breed limits its weight to 28 pounds or less as far as qualifying for show is concerned. Unlike the English bulldog, the French bulldog does not have a pronounced under bite, though it shares the same flat face. The head is large in proportion to the rest of the body. The French bulldog is found with both round and "bat" ears, the latter being the preferred shape in American registries.
The French bulldog has a short, thick neck, is broad at the shoulders and in the chest, with stocky forelegs that are set rather wide apart. The hind legs are longer than the forelegs, so the bulldog's loins are a bit higher than its shoulders. The coat is short, smooth, and the skin may be wrinkled, particularly about the neck where the skin tends to be quite loose.
Owning A Teacup Bulldog
The French bulldog is an excellent companion dog and is a good choice for apartment dwellers, as it does not require a great deal of exercise. This is definitely not a "working" dog. It is not an excessive barker, or at least barks no more than other breeds. It does make a good watchdog however. The little bulldog does have a reputation for loud snoring, most likely due to the conformation of its face and nasal passages. Though it has a good temperament, it can be territorial at times. Some members of the breed are eager to please, and hence easy to train, while others seem to have a bit of a stubborn streak and will learn only what they feel like, or when they are good and ready. For the most part though, these dogs like to be at the center of attention, and are usually very sociable and playful.
Insofar as breeding is concerned, that is something that should probably be left up to professional breeders, as the French bulldogs have proven to be difficult to breed in many respects. It would not be a good idea for anyone who is not an experienced breeder to purchase a pair of the teacup pooches with that in mind. It's not unusual that a litter has to be delivered on occasion by Cesarean section. So, get your French bulldog, mini-bulldog, or teacup bulldog, with companionship and not breeding in mind.